Czech Republic

According to the 1930 census, 356,830 persons in the Czechoslovak Republic identified themselves as Jews by religion: 117,551 in Bohemia and Moravia, 136,737 in Slovakia, and 102,542 in Subcarpathian Rus. About 80,000 Czech Jews, 85% of the Czech community, were killed in the Holocaust. During the first years after the war, Czechoslovakia supported the establishment of a Jewish state. After 1948, it transferred significant quantities of arms and ammunition to Israel, including fighter aircraft. It also helped train Israeli soldiers.

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